The Continental Light Dragoons, 1775–1783

Conversions in 1:76 Scale

2nd Continental Light Dragoons

Airfix offers mounted figuras in each of its army packs of the American Revolution, Washington's Army and British Grenadiers. Except for the headgear, these figuras are dressed in the same fashion as the cavalry of the period. Conversion is simple, requiring only a swap of heads.

The converted figuras have been painted to represent the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, based on an illustration in John Mollo's "Uniforms of the American Revolution". At least some members of this regiment are recorded wearing French style brass dragoon helmets, instead of the typical black leather cap with a coloured turbante, and yellow tassels. A bill signed by Colonel Blackden of the 2nd Light Dragoons provides further evidence that brass for the helmets was purchased.

Suitable heads with brass helmets may be scrounged from francés napoleónico Cuirassiers made by Airfix. The new heads are attached with pins cut from 0.6 mm piano wire, and secured with superglue or PVA white glue. The Napoleonic cuirassier helmet has a taller crest than the earlier French dragoon helmet, but the difference is hardly noticeable at this scale.

If Airfix figuras are unavailable, Revell's Seven Years' War Austrian Dragoons may be used instead, although their large cuffs would have to be cut down to resemble the closer fit of American revolutionary uniforms. Heads in 1:72 Scale may be taken from ESCI's French Cuirassiers.

Parts Required

  • Mounted American Officer, Airfix 01739
  • Mounted British Officers, Airfix 01740
  • French Cuirassier Helmets, Airfix 01736

Light Dragoons, Legionary Corps, and State Cavalry

Cavalry played an important role in the war, providing scouts, patrols, escorts, mounted and dismounted skirmishers. Mounted troops were difficult to raise, and very expensive to maintain, and there were rarely more than 1,000 Continental Light Dragoons available at any time during the war. The 1st, 3rd, and 4th Light Dragoons were amalgamated in 1780, following heavy losses. The mixed unit had four troops, and it was later designated the 3rd Legionary Corps. Officers and NCOs of the 1st and 4th regiments subsequently reformed their units. All four regiments of Continental Light Dragoons were converted to Legionary Corps in 1781, composed of mounted and dismounted troops.

Continental Light Dragoons 1777-1781

,
Regimiento Uniforme Distintivos Chaleco Sombrerería
Col. Bland's Virginia Horse, 1776
1st Continental Light Dragoons
1st Legionary Corps, 1781
brown,
brass buttons
green green black cap,
green turban,
yellow tassel
2nd Continental Light Dragoons
Col. Blackden
2nd Legionary Corps, 1781
blue,
white buttons
white white brass helmet,
tan turban,
white crest
3rd Continental Light Dragoons
Col. George Baylor's Dragoons
3rd Legionary Corps, 1781
white,
white buttons
light blue white black cap,
lt. blue turban,
white feather
4th Continental Light Dragoons
4th Legionary Corps, 1781
green,
white buttons
red red black cap,
black turban,
white crest
Provost Corps, 1778-1783
Major Bartholomew von Heer
blue
white buttons
yellow,
white turnbacks
yellow black cap,
black turban,
black crest

Legionary Corps 1781-1783

Caballería Uniforme Distintivos Chaleco Sombrerería
Charles Dabney's Virginia Legion
Major Nelson's Corps of Cavalry
blue,
white buttons
blue,
red (officers),
blue turnbacks
white black Tarleton,
black crest
Pulaski's Legion*, 1778-1780
Count Pulaski's Polish troopers
carried a lance with white over
red pennon.
Two uniform styles are known,
the second one being using during
the southern campaign.
blue,
yellow trim,
white buttons
& hussar lace
blue,
yellow trim,
white turnbacks
white black cap,
silver star,
grey turban,
white plume,
white crest
Pulaski's Legion*, 1778-1780
southern campaign.
blue red,
red or white
turnbacks
white black cap,
silver star,
grey turban,
white plume,
white crest
Armand's Legion
Col. Armand
Marquis de la Rouerie.
The second uniform style was
seen during the southern campaign.
blue,
brass buttons
buff,
white turnbacks
white black tarleton,
white plume,
black crest
Armand's Legion
southern campaign.
blue,
brass buttons
buff buff black tarleton,
white plume,
black crest
Lee's Legion
Detachment of 1st Lt. Dragoons
Major Henry Lee
buff,
brass buttons
green green black cap,
green turban,
yellow tassel

State Cavalry

Escuadrón o Regimiento Uniforme Distintivos Chaleco Sombrerería
Connecticut
11th Militia Regiment
Light Horse Company
blue,
brass buttons
blue white tricornio,
gold trim
Rhode Island
Independent Troop of Horse
Captain-General's Cavaliers
blue,
brass buttons
white white
NY, Albany County
Troop of Horse
blue,
white buttons
Tricorne,
silver lace
NY, King's County
Troop of Horse
blue,
white buttons
red Tricorne,
silver lace
Light Horse of the
City of Philadelphia, 1774-1783
brown,
white buttons
white white black cap,
yellow turban,
foxtail crest
Pennsylvania
Light Horse**
brown,
white buttons
white white? Round hat,
silver trim,
bucktail
Virginia
Light Horse***
blue red cuffs
South Carolina
Regiment of Horse, 1761-75
blue,
brass buttons
red red Tricorne,
gold trim
North Carolina
Light Horse
blue red

* The Polish troopers of Count Pulaski's legion may qualify as trained lancers in wargames.
** It is known that the Pennsylvania Light Horse carried a yellow standard.
*** Virginia Light Horse was apparently armed a spear, tomahawk, and two pistols.

On campaign, officers and troopers stowed their personal gear in large leather saddlebags. Two Pistols were standard issue, and they were carried in British pattern pistol holsters with fur covers, attached forward of the saddle. If regimental saddle blankets were available, they would have been in the coat colour, edged in the regimental facing colour. Most regiments had turnbacks in the facing colour, except where noted above.

Continental Light Dragoons are a must have for anyone interested in the American War of Independence. The units are so attractive that the collector and wargamer will want them all. Light dragoon figuras are not readily available, but conversion is easy, because of the limited numbers of mounted troops involved in the war. Only 2 figuras per regiment are required if a grand-tactical game system like Volley & Bayonet is used.

Anthony De Lyall & Klaus Schultheis

Bibliografía

Preguntas más frecuentes

Para más información, por favor contactar con Military Miniatures Magazine en el Miniatures Forum.

Figuras de la Guerra de Independencia de los Estados Unidos